Rio de Janeiro is going to host, from October the 20th until the 24th, the XVI World Fertilizer Congress of CIEC, one of the main world forums about the theme. Brazil imports 70% of the fertilizers used by the country what drives even more attention to the event. The main subject of the Congress is the fertilizers utilization in the tropics. It´s the first time that Brazi will host this event.
The efficient use of fertilizers in the tropics it´s an important issue, discussed by scientists worldwide. "In tropical agriculture, the residual effect of the use of fertilizers it´s also an important matter, down here we can cultivate the land twice or even three times a year in the same area", says Vinicius Benites researcher at Embrapa and leader of the FertBrasil network (network that unites Embrapa and private companies). "The focus in the fertilization system instead of the fertilization of the cultures it´s a new concept wich is spreading fast in tropical agriculture", says the scientist. So, new technologies in fertilizers must be developed and better understood in order to minimize the nutrients loss, increasing its efficiency in the tropics.
The Congress will not discuss only the scientific aspects, it will also work as a place where companies will be able to demonstrate its innovations and share it with the researchers. Technological innovation is important so Brazil can decrease its dependence from foreign countries. It can be achieved through a gain in efficiency or through alternative nutrients sources.
In fact, Brazil has alternative nutrients sources, from the agroindustry processing and from the agricultural activity. Technologies wich allow the industrial processing of these materials, allowing its use as fertilizers may bring a new profile for the fertilizer´s industry in the Country.
"I believe these small industries may represent from 15% to 20% of the national demand, something around 3 to 5 million tons, we may estimate this number in something close to 4 billion dollars per year, says José Carlos Polidoro, researcher at Embrapa also.
Many brazilian and world scientists will be at the Congresss, like Martin Trenkel, from Germany (slow release fertilizers), Mark Alley, from the USA (integrated fertilizer management plant-nutrient) and Mike McLaughlin, from Australia (Phosphatic fertilizers and micronutrients).
The event will also discuss about the direct use of agro minerals, organic based fertilizers and the addition of secondary micronutrients and macronutrients in NPK fertilizers.
The XVI World Fertilizer Congress of CIEC will be organized by Embrapa and Rede FertBrasil, in a partnership with the International Scientific Centre of Fertilizers (CIEC) and the brazilia Support Group for Research and Extension (GAPE/USP).
The congress website is www.16wfc.com.
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